SHENZHEN STOCK EXCHANGE, CHINA, SHENZHEN, 2006
The new headquarters for the Shenzhen Stock Exchange
For millennia, the solid building stands on a solid base; it is an image that has survived modernity. Typically, the base anchors a structure and connects it emphatically to the ground. The essence of the stock market is speculation: it is based on capital, not gravity. In the case of Shenzhen's almost virtual stock market, the role of symbolism exceeds that of the program - it is a building that has to represent the stock market, more than physically accommodate it. It is not a trading arena with offices, but an office with virtual organs that suggest and illustrate the process of the market.
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All of these factors suggest an architectural invention: our project is a building with a floating base. As if it is lifted by the same speculative euphoria that drives the market, the former base has crept up the tower to become a raised podium. Lifting the base in the air vastly increases its exposure; in its elevated position, it can 'broadcast' the activities of the stock market to the entire city. The space liberated on the ground can be used as a covered urban plaza, large enough to accommodate public events. The Shenzhen Stock Exchange - which will rise to 256m - is planned as a financial centre with civic meaning, located in a new public square at the meeting point of the north-south axis between Mount Lianhua and Binhe Boulevard, and the east-west axis of Shennan Road, Shenzhen's main artery.

The raised base of the SSE is a three-storey cantilevering podium floating 36m above the ground, with a floor area of 48,000m2 and an accessible roof garden. The podium and lower tower contain the dedicated stock exchange functions, with the SSE offices, registration and clearing house, Securities Information Company and ancillary services located higher in the tower. The tower is flanked by two atria - a void connecting the ground directly with the trading floor. Staff enter to the west, the public to the east.

The generic rectangular form of the tower obediently follows the surrounding homogenous towers, but the SSE's façade is an innovative merger of two conventional building envelope typologies: the window wall and the glass curtain wall. The tower's structure is a robust exoskeletal grid overlayed with a patterned glass skin - the first time such glass has been used for an exterior at this scale. The patterned glass reveals the detail and complexity of construction while creating a mysterious crystalline effect as the tower responds to light: sparkling during bright sunshine, mute on an overcast day, enigmatic at dusk, glimmering during rain and glowing at night.
FACT SHEET

Status:
Competition: 1st Prize 2006
Completion: May 2013

Client:
Shenzhen Stock Exchange

Site:
39,000m2 in the downtown area of Shenzhen at the meeting point of the north-south axis between Mount Lianhua and Binhe Boulevard, and the east-west axis of Shennan Road, Shenzhen's main artery.

Program:
Total GFA 200,000 m2: rental offices, registration & clearing house, accessory area, securities information company, SSE office area, trading floor, technical operations area

Dimensions:
Tower Height: 256m
Square Tower: 54m x 54m
Height below podium (top of atrium): 36m
Floating Podium Height: 28m
Rectangular Podium: 160m long x 100m wide
Plaza area: 30,000m2



COLLABORATORS
Level Acoustic:
DHV Building and Industry: Bertie van de Braak, Caroline Kaas, Renz van Luxemburg, Theo Rijmakers

Landscape:
Inside Outside: Petra Blaise, Jana Crepon, Rosetta Elkin, Aura Melis

QS:
L&B Quantity Surveyors: Law Hing Wai, Melody Huang

Structure, Services, Fire, Project Management, Vertical Transportation, Building Physics, Building Intelligence, Geotechnics, Lighting:
Arup: Michael Kwok, Rory McGowan, Nancy Huang, Chas Pope, Kai-Sing Yung, Oliver Kwong

Structural engineering:
Chas Pope, Goman Ho, Xiaonian Duan, Chris Carroll, Robin Ching, Guo-Yi Cui, Andrew Grant, Yue Hao, Jonathan Kerry, Di Liu, Peng Liu, Hui-yuan Long, Alex To, Fei Tong, Matthew Tsang, Yu-Bai Zhong, FX Xie, Liang Xu, Ling Zhou, Façade Engineering - Gerald Hobday, Andy Lee,

Fire engineering:
Mingchun Luo, Dagang Guo, Li-Li Ma, Feng Rui, Yan-dong Wang, Services Engineering - Oliver Kwong, Kai-Sing Yung, Kenneth Chong, Alba Xu, Li Shen, Johnson Chen, WH Au, Michael Bradbury, Kitman Chan, Johnson Chen, Yong Guan, Andrew Lerpiniere, Eddycol Li, Yong-qiao Luo, Yi Ren, Lewis Shiu, Kenneth Sin, Julian Sutherland, Lu-peng Wang, Qi Wang, Yue Wang, Chris Wong, Sabrina Wong, William Wong, Tie-Jun Xiao, Dong Yan, Juliet Zhang, Li-ping Zhang, Lipy Zhang, Xue-li Zhu, Yue-Hui Zhu

Project management:
Nancy Huang, Wei Gao, Penny Liu, Jerry Zhang

Vertical transportiation:
Matthew Tang, Julian Olley

Building physics:
Vincent Cheng, Isaac Tang, Raymond Yau, Rumin Yin

Building intelligence:
Patrick Leung, Michael Tomordy, Sam Tsoi, Henry Chan, Mark Chen, Jacky Lo , Wing-Shan Mak, Edwin Wong

Geotechnical engineering:
Mark Choi, Maggie Qing-Min Meng, Jason Ng, Wei-Guang Ruan

Lighting/LED:
Steve Walker, Francesco Anselmo, Katie Hardstone, David Lakin, Florence Lam, Melissa Mak, Siegrid Siderius, Junko Umemoto

SADI:
Meng Jianmin, Shen Xiaoheng, James Hong, Lin Zhenhai, Wu Chao, Wang Qiwen, Liu Chen, Li Hanguo, Luo Xin, Zhen Wenxing, Yang Baozhen, Zeng Zumin




CREDITS
Partners in charge:
Rem Koolhaas, David Gianotten

Partner:
Ellen van Loon

Associate in charge:
Michael Kokora

Team:
Yang Yang, Wanyu He, Daan Ooievaar, Joanna Gu, Vincent Kersten, Yun Zhang, Kunle Adeyemi, Ryann Aoukar, Sebastian Appl, Waichuen Chan, Jan Dechow, Matthew Engele, Leo Ferretto, Clarisa Garcia Fresco, Alasdair Graham, Leonie Wenz, Richard Sharam, Laura Baird, Matthew Jull, Franscesca Portesine, Lukasz Skalec, Lukasz Szlachcic, Lukas Drasnar, Christine Svensson, Matthew Haseltine, Jaitian Gu, João Ferreira Marques Jesus, Alex de Jong, Santiago Hierro Kennedy, Klaas Kresse, Miranda Lee, Anna Little, Luxiang Liu, David Eugin Moon, Cristina Murphy, Idrees Rasouli, Korbinian Schneider, Wolfgang Schwarzwalder, Felix Schwimmer, Michela Tonus, Miroslav Vavrina, Ferdjan Van der Pijl, Se Yoon Park, Na Wei, Xinyuan Wang, Ken Yang Tan, Su Xia, Yunchao Xu

Competition team:
Rotterdam: Rem Koolhaas, Shohei Shigematsu, Anna Little, Christin Svensson, Jason Long, Carlos Garcia Gonzalez, Joao Bravo da Costa, Mauro Paraviccini, Mariano Sagasta, Bart Schoonderbeek, Konstantin August, Klaas Kresse, Kengo Skorick, Katharina Gerlach, Mendel Robbers, Hong Yong Sook, Beatriz MInguez de Molina, Martti Kalliala, Andrea Bertassi, Daniel Ostrowski, Yuanzhen Ou

AMO:
Todd Reisz, Brendan McGetrick

Beijing:
Ole Scheeren, Dongmei Yao, Hiromasa Shirai, Anu Leinonen, Tieying Fang, Pei Feng, Xinyuan Wang


PRESS
Architects' Journal, 3 January 2007
Southeast Asia Building, January 2008
Courrier Journal, 23 December 2007
The Big Project #13, 2007
Elsevier, 10 December 2008
Mark #7, April/May 2007