Phantom Urbanism

Once cities were designed to accommodate the masses; today the masses have to be seduced. During the past forty years, like all sectors of the economy, urban planning has become free enterprise: a perpetually speculative activity, which must give shape to developments even if it remains uncertain whether those developments will ever happen, or attract the people for whom they were planned.

LecturerReinier de Graaf
HostHarvard GSD
LocationCambridge, MA, USA
DateMarch 29, 2018