Dutch Parliament Extension

Since in the 13th century, the Binnenhof complex has undergone a continuous process of both architectural and programmatic transformation in which its defensive forms were replaced by representative and symbolic functions. Over the centuries it has acted as a royal palace, archives, Republican headquarters, and then royal palace again, until it was completely 'conquered' in the 19th century, initially by various ministries and eventually by the parliament. In order to accommodate these changes in function, all architectural styles since the Middle Ages made significant and tangible contributions to the complex leading to incremental changes in the walls of the fortress, whereby the walls have become an agglomeration of different historical styles.