It is a painful irony that the (one) country that more than any other fabricated itself, now treats its territory as if it has the authenticity and inevitability of nature.

Since the last large operation of infrastructural imagination - the "Delta werken” - seemed to complete a cycle of protection against the once threatening elements, it is as if the absence of this threat has also dulled the awareness of the territory, essentially man-made, and therefore the subject of continuing territorial speculation. The ancient but seemingly still valid theme of the "green heart” in which the "core” of the Randstad area would remain empty, encircled by a ring of cities, has in recent memory never been subject to critical scrutiny - What is the point of an empty heart?